15 June 2015

How to Debate On-Line?

Debate is a good media to increase logical thinking in formal or non-formal education. In our country, Indonesia, English Debate is very interesting, but only a few students can do this debate. So, how to debate on-line is an alternative media to practice this activity.

Why debate on-line is the alternative not face-to-face debate? In my opinion, debate on-line is more flexible for the young nowadays. When I see my students, nearly all of them have hand-phones which are more modern and compatible with the newest programs. It can be used to access internet.

21 May 2014

Interesting Topics to Debate

1. All citizens who do not vote should pay a fine.
2. All parents should be required to attend parenting classes before having a child.
3. All people should be vegetarians.
4. All students should be required to perform one year of community service.
5. All students should have an after school job.
6. All students should take an online course.
7. America should not give foreign aid to other countries.
8. Androids are better than iPhones.
9. Animal testing should be banned.
10. Corporations should be allowed to donate money to political campaigns.
11. Cyberbullying that occurs outside of school, should be punished by the school.
12. Democracy is the best form of government.
13. Drone attacks against specific targets are a necessary part of modern warfare.
14. Every student should be required to take a performing arts course.
15. Grades should be abolished.
16. High stakes state testing should be abolished.
17. History is an important subject in school.
18. Homework should be banned.
19. Human cloning should be banned.
20. Intelligent design should be taught in science classes.
21. It is never appropriate for the government to restrict freedom of speech.
22. Macs are better than PCs.
23. Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) should be banned.
24. Parents should be allowed to choose their baby's gender.
25. Partial birth abortion should be illegal.
26. PE should be required of all students throughout high school.
27. People should be fined for not recycling.
28. Performance enhancing drugs should be allowed in sports.
29. Poetry should be removed from the curriculum.
30. Progressive tax rates are unfair.
31. Public prayer should not be allowed in schools.
32. Renewable forms of energy should be subsidized by the government.
33. Same sex marriage should be legal.
34. School uniforms should be required.
35. Schools should block Youtube.
36. Schools should not be allowed to track students.
37. Sharing music online should be allowed.
38. Should America provide foreign aid to countries that kill and sell items from endangered animals.
39. Single-sex schools are better for students.
40. Smoking should be illegal.
41. Social media comments should be protected by free speech.
42. Sports stars should be positive role models.
43. Students should be able to leave school for lunch.
44. Students should be held legally responsible for bullying in schools.
45. Students should be required to pass algebra to graduate.
46. Students should not be graded on their handwriting.
47. Teachers should not be allowed to contact students through social media.
48. The death penalty should be abolished.
49. The driving age should be raised.
50. The government should provide wireless service for everyone.
51. The legal drinking age should be lowered to 18.
52. The right to bear arms is a necessary constitutional amendment.
53. The US Government should fund a space mission to Mars.
54. The voting age should be lowered.
55. US representatives and senators should have term limits.
56. Video games are too violent.
57. Women should not get the right to vote. (Note: This provides students with historical context for the 19th amendment.)
58. Year round education is not a good idea for student learning.

09 May 2014

How to arrange an argument in a debate?


Before we construct an argument for a debate, we have to understand our  position in debate as first, second or third speaker. For a debate is a team-competition so every member has to play their own role (argument) to win the competition.
Let’s see what each speaker to do in debate:

Affirmative or Proposition Team:
First Seaker of Proposition
- opening,
- definition,
- team-line,
- own arguments

Second Speaker of Proposition
- rebuttal of 1st Opp.,
- rebuild own case,
- own arguments

Third Speaker of Proposition
- general rebuttal,
- rebuild own case

Proposition Reply (1st or 2nd speaker)
- biased summary

Negative or Opposition Team:
First speaker of opposition
- accepting definition / redefinition,
- team-line,
- rebuttal of 1st Proposition,
- own arguments

Second speaker of opposition
- rebuttal of 2nd Prop.,
- rebuild own case,
- own arguments

Third speaker of opposition
- general rebuttal,
- rebuild own case

Opposition Reply (1st or 2nd speaker)
- biased summary

10 December 2013

How to Win a Debate

  1. Decide on a position you would like to argue for, and become well-informed about that position. Ideally, this will be something you really believe in, because it is much easier to make convincing arguments for ideas you are enthusiastic about. Make sure you understand not only your own position, but the opposing position as well. This will allow you to anticipate objections and respond more effectively.
  2. Find someone to debate with. Before proceeding, however, you should familiarize yourself with the concept of "impossible people." In order to have any chance of winning a debate or accomplishing anything productive, you need to be arguing with someone who is basically reasonable. Otherwise, save yourself the trouble and find someone more reasonable to debate with.
  3. Begin by stating a thesis. This is just a brief statement of your position and your reasons for holding that position. Example: You might say "I believe the Moon was once of a part of the Earth for the following reasons," followed by a quick summary of why you believe that. Try to use evidence-based premises, if possible. For example, "Geological data shows that the Moon's rocks are quite similar to those found in Earth's early history" is much better than "The Moon being blasted out into space by a collision is just a really cool idea."
  4. Respond to objections. In most cases, your opponent will respond to your thesis by objecting to one or more of your premises, which are the reasons you have given to support your position. If you are well-informed about your position, most of the objections should already be familiar to you. Use logic and evidence to show your opponent why his or her objections do not work. You can refute objections by two major routes: showing that the evidence does not support them, or exposing a logical flaw in the premise of the objection. To refute the idea that refined white bread is healthy because it is processed, you might state that a study showed rats fed a diet of white bread alone all died[citation needed]. This would be an evidence-based response.You might state that "The fact that white bread is processed does not mean it is healthy. There is no established link between highly processed food and better health, so your objection does not follow from your premises." This would be an logic-based response.
  5. Build on your opponent's objections. If possible, don't stop at refuting them - turn them around and use them against your opponent's position.Example: Your thesis might be that lab rats should not be used in painful experiments. Your opponent might object that rats cannot experience pain in the same way humans can. You might use evidence to refute this objection by referring to studies which show the same type of brain and nervous system function in rats and humans under stress. Instead of stopping there, show your opponent how his or her attempted objection actually supports your position. Continuing the example given here, you might say something like "since you have made the issue of the ability to feel pain the basis of your objection, doesn't the evidence I've shown you suggest that performing experiments on lab animals is unethical?"
  6. Attempt to resolve each point before moving ahead to the next issue. If there are unresolved points about which you and your opponent cannot agree, it will be difficult to accomplish anything productive, because the unresolved points will continue to come up over and over again. Ultimately, this will lead to a situation where there is no choice but to "agree to disagree," which is usually not an ideal outcome.
  7. Remain calm, rational, and reasonable at all times. You may feel that your opponent is totally failing to understand your position, but if you become too agitated, you opponent will take this as a sign of weakness and conclude that he has you on the ropes. Rather than helping to convince your opponent, shouting or insulting remarks will only serve to make him more confident in his position. Emotional behavior is no substitute for rational arguments.
  8. Have patience. As long as both you and your opponent are debating in a reasonable manner, be willing to spend some time explaining your position and your premises. It is not easy to change someone else's mind. There are a variety of reasons for this, but the most powerful among them is the simple fact that no one enjoys discovering that he is mistaken. It's not a particularly easy thing to accept, so be patient. You won't convince him with your very first point.
  9. Use effective speech and grammar. You don't need to pretend you are a university professor, but if you want to be effective and convincing, you should use decent English. Don't try to use big words in order to sound more intelligent, because most people can see through such an act. On the other hand, don't be afraid to use the right word for the task. If a big word is called for, use it. Most importantly, try to speak (or write) clearly and confidently. Make your point using no more and no fewer words than you need.
  10. Ask questions. Most people assume that the person with the most knowledge of a topic will win in a debate. This, however, is not true. If you are able to ask questions you can easily even any playing field. The idea behind this method goes back to Socrates. Socrates would ask the men, who thought of themselves as wise, question after question until they could no longer give a response without demonstrating a logical fallacy or proving his point. Remember that many people like to hear themselves talk, this can be used against them. Also, do not use questions that they can have multiple answers for, if they respond with an "um...(pause)" and contemplate the idea to make up their mind you will go nowhere because once you have completed the questioning period all they need to do to avoid your conclusion is to go back to that question and change their mind. Using the debate example previously mentioned (the pain-response of rats) a way to debate using the Socratic Method[1] would be to ask "How do humans feel pain." The logical answer would be through nervous-system impulses. You will most likely get an answer much simpler but with that basic idea. You then might ask if a nervous system is responsible for those impulses. They will answer yes, and then you ask if rats have a nervous system. The logical conclusion is yes. Therefore, if rats have a nervous system and a nervous system is responsible for pain, rats can feel pain. Another method to argue that same point is to ask how you know someone else is feeling pain. They are likely to respond that the person will say ouch. You then ask them "Well, babies don't say ouch, does that mean that babies don't feel pain?" They'll most likely change their answer to be a bit broader (always try to get them to concede the broadest definition for an idea (i.e. murder, life, pain), this allows for you to make your point part of that definition). They will most likely retract their previous statement and say that if a person cries out then they are in pain. You then point out that rats squeal and try to escape when they are most likely in pain.
  11. Be willing to lose. A skilled debater understands that sometimes, the other person's arguments will simply be stronger than one's own. If you find yourself cornered and unable to refute an opponent's points, be honest and reasonable enough to concede defeat. Do not become stubbornly determined to keep objecting even after you have been proven wrong. Anyone who has engaged in debate regularly has experienced a number of losses. Congratulate your opponent, learn from your mistakes, and move on. Every experience (win or lose) makes you better equipped for your next encounter. Just because you lose a debate doesn't mean you are obligated to change your opinion. Just learn from it, and move on.
source: www.wikihow.com

30 October 2012

Yuan Dinar from SMKN 1 Pandeglang

Yuan Dinar in action on English Debate Contest Banten province 2011 in Serang

SMU SWCO Debate Tournament 2011 Finals - Opposition Reply Speech

Imran Rahim's Reply Speech (From Team NUS 4) at the SMU SWCO Debate Tournament Finals Against NTU A.
Motion
THW cease the policy of selling HDB flats only to the married coupl

SMU SWCO Debate Tournament 2011 Finals - Opposition Whip's Speech (OW)

Sadhana Rai's Speech (From Team NUS 4) at the SMU SWCO Debate Tournament Finals Against NTU A.
Motion
THW cease the policy of selling HDB flats only to the married couples